By Karen Bledsoe
Scriptures used: 2 Samuel 11 & 12; 1 Kings 1
“and Jesse the father of King David. David was the father of Solomon, whose mother had been Uriah’s wife” Matthew 1:6 (NIV)
Matthew chapter one gives us the genealogy of Jesus Christ. We can see by it, and the genealogy given in Luke chapter three, that His genealogy links Him to the throne of David. Even though He is the Son of God, Joseph, though not His father by blood, was His “earthly” father, because he was married to Mary, and God chose him just as He chose Mary, to raise His Son. Joseph did raise Him, and even taught Him carpentry so that He would have employment when He came of age. His genealogy shows how He is a descendant of King David through his son Solomon. Jesus was Joseph’s legal son by the law of man because he was Mary’s husband, and this gives Jesus the legal right to the throne. In Luke we see Mary’s genealogy, which proves His right to the throne by blood. Mary descended from Nathan, another son of David. Jesus is the heir to the Throne of David both legally, and by His bloodline. He would not sit on that throne during His time on earth, but He will sit on that throne during His millennial reign.
Reading His genealogy, we are given the names of five women. We’ve seen that one of them was, of course, His mother. But the other four women in Matthew’s list are there for a specific reason. They were all Gentiles. It is very rare for a woman to be included in a Jewish bloodline, and rarer still, a Gentile woman. Jesus has four Gentile women in His and this is how He can legitimately be the Savior of the whole world, both Jew and Gentile. Both are in His bloodline.
These four women were descendants of the Canaanites. The first is Tamar, the Canaanite wife of two of Judah’s sons. Judah was the son of Jacob (Israel). She was married to his oldest son, and he died, leaving her childless. Because of the Levirite Law, her husband’s brother had to take her as his wife, so that his elder brother would have an heir. He did not want to do this because he did not want his child to be considered his brother’s heir:
“But Onan knew that the child would not be his; so whenever he slept with his brother’s wife, he spilled his semen on the ground to keep from providing offspring for his brother.” Genesis 38:9
This was wicked for him to do, and God took his life for it. Tamar was again a widow with no child to comfort her. Judah was afraid to give her his last son and so she tricked Judah himself into giving her a child. She had twins and it was through one of them, Perez, that Jesus descends from.
The second is Rahab who had lived in the Canaanite town of Jericho as a prostitute, and it was because of her efforts the Israeli spies sent to Jericho were hidden from the King and his guards, helping them to escape and take vital information back to Joshua. All she asked in return was that her family be spared, and she was given a crimson cord to hang in her window the day they began their assault on Jericho. She hung it and it saved her and her family. She married Salmon and they are in the ancestry of Christ.
Next, we come to Ruth. She was the Moabite (Moab was a town in Canaan) wife of Naomi’s oldest son. When he died, he did not leave an heir, Ruth was widowed and childless, but Naomi was grieving over her late husband and both of her sons, the other had died as well, so she, too, was also widowed. Ruth chose to go to Bethlehem with Naomi and care for her, comforting her instead of finding comfort for herself. She gleaned grain from the fields of Boaz, to feed them both, and was observed by Boaz, who inquired as to who she was. Boaz became the kinsmen-redeemer for Naomi and Ruth by marrying Ruth. She and Boaz are the great-grandparents of King David.
Now we come to Bathsheba. We see in the genealogy that she is not listed by name. She is recognized only as Uriah’s wife (Matthew 1:6). Why? There are multiple reasons. One could be that it was because of her infidelity with David resulting in Uriah’s brutal death. Some feel it is because God never recognized her marriage to David because He still thought of her as Uriah’s wife, this one I personally do not believe. Uriah was dead, she was pregnant by David, it seems the logical thing to do. What she and David did was adulterous and both could have been stoned for this. Her marriage kept her safe. He was the King of Israel and greatly loved by his people. They did not get away with their adultery, however. God told David, through the prophet Nathan, that their child would die as a punishment. And at seven days old, he did pass away. Both accepted the chastisement of the Lord and did not hold it against Him in any way. They were guilty, they repented and accepted God’s judgment and it wasn’t long after He did bless them with another son, who would be named Solomon. This son would be king when David passed on. They had three more sons and their son, Nathan, would be Mary’s ancestor. Solomon was Joseph’s. So now we see how Jesus is the heir to David’s throne.
Still, we do not have an answer to why Bathsheba is not listed in the genealogy as the other women were. The truth is, we may never know why, but I believe it could be because of Uriah’s death. He was loyal to his wife, his kingdom, his King (David) and his God. Uriah was a Hittite, a Canaanite by birth, yet his name is Jewish and means “Flame of the Lord” or “Yahweh is my light”. It is believed, because of Uriah’s character, loyalty, and fruits (Matthew 7:20), we can see that he converted and worshiped the God of Israel. He did not deserve what happened to him, he did nothing wrong. His death was an attempt of David’s trying to cover his sin with Uriah’s now pregnant wife. I also believe there is another reason he is mentioned instead of Bathsheba and I will tell you that near the end of this article.
As mentioned, Bathsheba was not a Jewess. She was Canaanite, just as Tamar, Rahab, and Ruth were. Her husband (Uriah) was Canaanite and her father Eliam was the son of Ahithophel, who was a Gilonite (2 Samuel 15:12). The Gilonite tribe were Canaanites. This is proof that her lineage is not Jewish but Canaanite. Even though Ahithophel was a Canaanite, he was King David’s Chief Advisor and trusted Counselor. Uriah had a house in Jerusalem, near the King’s palace. It seems that some of the Canaanites became trusted people in Jerusalem, but for a while this was not so.
We must go back a bit and explain why. During the days of Noah there were giants in the land (Genesis 6). They were the offspring of Fallen Angels and human women. These fallen angels took the form of men (in Jude 6 it is called “proper dwelling” in the NIV) and took human women as wives and had children. These children were known as the Nephilim. Eventually, these creatures were causing such havoc on the earth, they were nothing but evil the second they were born, they taught man too many things that ought not to have ever been taught. Finally, God saw nothing but these evil people on His earth. Noah was perfect in his generations (Genesis 6:9 in the KJV) meaning he had no Nephilim DNA in his own genealogy. God decided to destroy the earth, everything had been corrupted on the earth, plants (genetically modified), animals (hybrids) and man (also hybrids, for example the Centaurs, Half-man, half animal)—I know, it sounds incredible, but it is so, we are doing it again now, in labs, for replacement organs and only God knows what else). These Nephilim were giants, incredibly big and thought to have built the Pyramids of Egypt. There is an unfinished temple in Lebanon called Baalbek.Its size is enormous! No man could have built that.
No man can build it now. God sent the flood, saving only Noah, his wife, his sons, and their wives on the ark. The Nephilim was destroyed, for a time. When we read Genesis 14, we find that they have reappeared. Genesis 6:4 tells us that they would. It is believed by many researchers that Nimrod became a giant (believed to be through genetic manipulation). They multiplied, of course, though not to the scale of the pre-flood days. God had promised Abraham the land of Israel. Satan heard this and had 400 years to populate the land with his giants again. It became the Land of Canaan. Canaan was the grandson of Noah, Ham’s son. After the flood and disembarkment from the ark, Noah began to grow grapes for wine making. He got drunk on his wine one day and Ham entered his tent and saw his father passed out drunk and naked. He went and told his brothers, Shem, and Japheth. They went into their father’s tent with a covering and walked backwards to him, never seeing his nakedness, and covered him up. When Noah woke up he knew what Ham had done and he did a strange thing. Instead of cursing Ham, he cursed his son, Canaan. It is through Canaan’s line the Nephilim returned. You can read in Genesis 14 of all the tribes of the giants. Among the giants were normal men in these tribes, including Jebusites, Hittites, and Gilonites, the latter two being the people that Ahithophel and Uriah were born into. When the Israelites came into the Promised Land, God told them to destroy every man, woman, and child, including infants, along with their livestock and agriculture. (Remember, these were manipulated in the pre-time flood of Noah). We are told that not all of them were destroyed, but allowed to live and made slaves. This disobedience came back to haunt them. Goliath was a giant, and so were his brothers, as well as Og, the King of Bashan. David killed Goliath as a young man, other Israelites killed his brothers. There were some giants who had escaped and left Israel, going to other lands, but that is not important to know here.
We have seen that the Canaanite giants were not all wiped out and that there were normal humans living amongst them. Ahithophel and Uriah were two of them, but the difference between Ahithophel and Uriah is that Uriah truly did worship God and Ahithophel did not, even though Ahithophel was David’s Chief Advisor.
Bathsheba’s first husband was one of the mighty men of David, as was her father, Eliam. These mighty men were the best warriors in David’s armies. He trusted them and they were loyal to him. We will soon see that David was not loyal to one of them. As we read this part about David’s life, remember this, just because it is in the Bible, does not mean that God approved of it, it is history and it is recorded accurately because it is something that we need to know. What David did made God very angry and He punished him for it. On the other hand, when David repented, God forgave him. That is still true for us.
“If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.” 1 John 1:9
The Bible tells us that Bathsheba was a very beautiful woman. She lived in her own home in Jerusalem with her husband Uriah. We must note here that Bathsheba was a Gentile, but that does not mean she was ungodly. Her husband worshiped God, we can tell this by his fruits. It takes more than just a “good man” for Uriah to have to deal with what was going on between his wife and the King. She was also married to King David after Uriah’s death. David was a man after God’s own heart. It is possible she could be an unbeliever while being the wife of two men who had such great faith in God, but I doubt it because she raised her sons, especially Solomon, to be godly men. God had promised that Solomon would be the heir to the throne. He dearly loved his mother. How do we know she raised him to be a godly man and king?
“The last chapter of the book of Proverbs is attributed to a king named Lemuel. Most commentators agree with the ancient Jewish rabbis in identifying the name Lemuel (along with the Agur of chapter 30) as pen names for Solomon. If so, the first verse of that chapter is worthy of note: ‘The words of King Lemuel, the prophecy his mother taught him.’ This would ascribe the entire chapter as a prophecy of Bathsheba.”
The season for war came (wars were fought in seasons, like our hunting seasons are) and King David’s army headed out to do battle. Kings went with their armies and fought alongside the soldiers, but this time David decided to stay home. Not because he was ill or unable to fight, but because he’d gotten comfortable in his wealth and the luxuries it could buy him. His soldiers went to war and among them was Uriah the Hittite.
One evening, Bathsheba was bathing on her roof. In those days, the roof was used like we use porches today. The roofs were usually walled to give privacy, because in the heat of summer many would sleep outside on the roofs as it was too hot to sleep inside their homes. No one could see her from their roofs. The bath she was taking was a ritual bath that is described in Leviticus15:19-33. Women were to bathe after their monthly cycles had finished, and this is what Bathsheba was doing. The Bible tells us this because it proves that while Uriah was away at war, Bathsheba was not pregnant. The Bible doesn’t state that she was aware that David could see her. Since all the blame is placed on David and never on Bathsheba in the Word, we will assume she was not aware. The men were all away, she assumed it was safe to bath, not knowing that the King did not go with his men to war this time.
That same evening David was walking on his own roof. He could look down upon the city and apparently, Bathsheba’s house was close enough to the palace that he could see her and tell she was beautiful. He inquires of his servants about her and then sends one of them to bring her to him, and he slept with her. Did she resist? Even though David had done something that was a sin, I doubt he raped her. She may have thought she had to obey him or she may have wanted to be with him too, it is not clear. Either way, the result of their union was a pregnancy. She sends word to David letting him know she was pregnant. David did not want anyone to know the baby was his, so he sent for Uriah to come home with a report on the war.
After arriving with the report, David tells him to go home and be with his wife. Instead, Uriah sleeps that night outside the palace doors with the palace guards. David tries again to get him to go home. He tried many times, even getting him drunk one night, yet Uriah never went home to his wife, but slept every night by the palace. Uriah was loyal to his King. Lying outside the Palace doors was protecting the King from anyone who would try to gain access to the palace. He did not think it fair to go home and sleep with his wife while his fellow soldiers were fighting and dying in battle. It is probable that he knew what was going on between his wife and the king. Gossip always makes its rounds or the guards could have told him, but it is likely that he knew what was going on, and did not want to give David the way out he was looking for. Not once while he was there did he go home to his wife.
David sees that his plan of getting Uriah to go home and sleep with his wife was not going to work. He calls for Uriah and sends him back to the battle with new orders for the captain of his army, Joab, to carry out. David sent orders for Uriah to be killed, and it is more than cold, it was wicked, to send the orders for a man’s death via the man to be killed. Some commentators believe, as do I, that Uriah knew what was in the orders. He did not sleep with his wife to cover her pregnancy and David needed to do something to cover it up, so he devised a way to have Uriah killed.
Uriah gave Joab the orders and Joab carried them out. Uriah was to be placed where the battle was fiercest and abandoned there by his fellow soldiers and killed. He may have died in battle, but it was still murder. Joab sends word to David that Uriah is dead.
Bathsheba is informed and she grieved for him. She did not know that this was the king’s doing. She was not involved in the plot to have Uriah killed.
After waiting a good amount of time for Bathsheba to mourn for Uriah, David married her. He believes he has gotten away with his sin, and no one would know what he’d done. Obviously, he wasn’t thinking about the guards who had brought her to him, or about the servants who waited on him while she was there. He thinks no one knows what he’d done, and even if that were true, God knew. He knew everything and He was very angry with David. He sends His prophet Nathan to let David know just how grievous his sins were and that God knew about them all.
Nathan appears before the king and tells him about a poor man in his kingdom who had nothing but a little ewe lamb. He loved that lamb dearly and even fed it from his own plate at the table. There was a rich man nearby who had flocks and herds of his own, but he saw the poor man’s little ewe lamb and wanted it for himself, so he took it, without paying for it, not caring how the man felt or how grieved he was for his beloved lamb. It was his pet and he loved her. One day soon after, he had the lamb killed for a feast. This enraged David. He demanded that the rich man pay for that lamb fourfold and then he demanded the rich man’s death for his crime. He asked Nathan who this man who did such a thing was. Nathan pointed at him and said, “You are the man!”
He then told David exactly what he had done, that he had not gotten away with anything because God knew it and He was going to punish David for his sin. David immediately felt remorse and God’s conviction and he repented, at once of what he had done. God forgave him, but there are consequences when we sin. He told David that His Name would be a mockery for many because of what David had done. Even today, men still will mock David for his hypocrisy. They don’t care that he repented and was punished. They still use it to excuse their own sin and mock God. He told David that he would pay back fourfold for what he had done, his life would be spared, but the sword would never leave his house. Then he told him the baby Bathsheba was carrying would not survive. All that God decreed happened. Some of David’s sons rebelled against him, four of them would die, his daughter Tamar was raped by her half-brother Amnon and then Absalom killed Amnon for it. Later Absalom would try and take the throne from his father and died as a result. God’s Word was true, the sword never departed from David’s house. Even on his deathbed, one son tried to take the throne that was to go to Solomon. He died as a result.When Bathsheba gave birth to their son, he was very sick, and he died seven days later. Do not think God is being cruel here. The baby did go to be with Him in heaven. This child had to die because the Law that God gave to the Israelites states that no illegitimate child would ever be allowed to enter into the LORD’s assembly.
“No one of illegitimate birth may enter the LORD’s assembly; none of his descendants, even to the tenth generation, may enter the LORD’s assembly.” Deuteronomy 23:2 (HCSB)
David and Bathsheba’s son was illegitimate. He was not conceived in marriage. He could never have entered the LORD’s assembly. Why keep someone out of the temple though, if they are not legitimately born? Illegitimacy was considered unclean. Nothing unclean could enter the temple of the Lord. This doesn’t mean anyone who is illegitimate cannot be used by God (Perez, the son of Tamar and Judah was illegitimate, and he is one of Jesus’ ancestors). Also, sacrifices made in that day had to be clean, with no spot or defect. Today, many say they are Christians when they are not, they are just religious. No ceremony such as baptism or work, such as good works or joining a church makes you a Christian. A person must be truly born again to be able to enter into God’s presence. Anything else is just illegitimate and will not be allowed in. Not only is the illegitimate child forbidden to enter the temple, but his own descendants will not be allowed down to the 10th generation. If David’s and Bathsheba’s first born son had lived, it would have meant that when Jesus was born, He would not have been allowed to enter into the congregation of the Lord. That could not be, so the child had to die, but he was reunited with his parents when they left this world. David even said so himself.
Before the child died, David grieved for his son, praying for his healing. When he died, David stopped grieving, cleaned himself up and ate. When asked why he mourned before the child died, but not after, David said he wanted him to live and prayed for his healing, but when he died, there was nothing else he could do. His child could not return to him, but one day he would go to where his son was, in heaven, and be reunited. Until then, God comforted them with the birth of another son, the son who would become the heir to throne, Solomon.
We have seen that some things that had been believed about Bathsheba are not true. She was not a Jew, but a Gentile. She was married to Uriah the Hittite, one of David’s mighty men, as was her father, and her grandfather, Ahithophel, the Gilonite, was David’s trusted Chief Advisor. She was not promiscuous, even though she slept with David when she was another man’s wife. She raised her sons to be men of God. She worshipped the God of both her husbands, the God of Israel.
Now we come to the question of why Uriah’s name is mentioned in the genealogy instead of Bathsheba’s name. Jesus did not descend from Uriah. Scholars have suspected for a time now that Uriah was the last of the Royal House of the Jebusites. He would have been their king if they had not lost power. Bathsheba, his wife, would have been queen. This makes them a royalty. Granted, they had no rule or power. It was a title in name only, but it is a title. Uriah died, the last of the royal line, leaving a widow, Bathsheba, who was the only living survivor of the royal household. She was the only one left to claim the royal title because she had been the wife of Uriah, its would-be king. This title passed down to her sons, and their sons and their sons, on down to Jesus. From Solomon, who was the ancestor of Joseph, Mary’s husband, it was a legal title, and from Nathan, who was Mary’s ancestor, it was a title by blood. It was a title that no longer had any power, but it has significance because it was a Canaanite throne. Do you see what this means? It makes Jesus, who is its descendant, King over not only the Gentiles, but the Canaanites as well! Remember, earlier I told you who the Canaanites were, they were the Nephilim. Even though Uriah was not Nephilim, he represents the Canaanites, because he was heir to their throne. The Nephilim were the sons of fallen angels, representing Satan, because he is their leader. Jesus had the authority to be their king by birth! He is King over the seed of Satan, crushing his head! This also legally, and by inheritance, makes Jesus the literal King of the Jews and the Gentiles, the King of all nations! The King of kings and Lord of lords!
©2017 Karen S. Bledsoe
The Palace of King David-Excavations at the Summit of the City of David-Preliminary Report of Seasons 2005-2007 by Eilat Mazar http://blogs.bible.org/engage/sandra_glahn/the_women_in_jesuss_genealogy_if_not_scandalous_what_part_2__
Thru The Bible Commentary, Volume 2: Joshua through Psalms by Dr. J. Vernon McGee, ©1982 by Thru the Bible Radio ISBN: 2-8407-4974 Thomas Nelson, Inc.
NIV Life Application Study Bible, ©2011 Zondervan ISBN: 978-1-4243-5974-8
https://www.blueletterbible.org/ Blue Letter Bible
HCSB Holman Christian Study Bible, ©2010 Holman Bible Version (for Study Bible only); Holman Christian Standard Bible, ©1999, 2000, 2003, 2009 Holman Bible Publishers. No ISBN is noted in Bible.
 2 Samuel 21:16-21; 1 Chronicles 20:5-7
 The Palace of King David-Excavations at the Summit of the City of David—Preliminary Report of Seasons 2005-2007 by Eilat Mazar—http://blogs.bible.org/engage/Sandra_glahn/the_women_in_Jesus_genealogy_if_not_scandalous_what_part_2